See the stunning facial approximation of a medieval man with dwarfism


In 1990, archaeologists unearthed the skeleton of a man who lived in Poland sometime between the ninth and 11th centuries. After conducting a 3D analysis of his skeletal remains, which were buried in a monastic cemetery alongside 400 other individuals, researchers determined that the medieval man had two forms of dwarfism, a condition so rare that it had never been recorded in a centuries-old skeleton.

Thanks to the 3D scans, the researchers had an idea of what the man’s body may have looked like. He had short ribs and “flaring hip bones,” which are consistent with achondroplasia, a condition in which someone has short limbs but an average-size torso and a larger-than-average head. He also had “turned-out elbows” and a high arched dental palate, indicating a rare condition known as Léri-Weill dyschondrosteosis. However, the team wasn’t sure what the man’s face looked like.


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